Revenue from gambling, lotteries rises in U.S. in ’10
States collect $23.94 billion from games of chance in fiscal year 2010
BY CHRIS SIEROTY
State revenues from lotteries, slot machines, table games and other gambling rose 2 percent in the 2010 fiscal year, up from 2009 but still below 2008 levels, the last year before state revenues began to be negatively affected by the recession.
The gambling revenue figures come from a new report by the Nelson A. Rockefeller Institute of Government at the State University of New York.
States collected $23.94 billion in revenues from gambling in fiscal 2010. Lotteries, casinos, racinos and pari-mutual wagering, Institute researchers Lucy Dadayan and Robert Ward found, generated the revenues.
Gambling has expanded tremendously over the past four decades. Some 43 states have lotteries, while others allow commercial casinos, slot machines and wagering on horse races.
Only two states — Hawaii and Utah — have no lotteries or gambling.
Gambling revenues have grown about 4 percent on average over the past decade or so — from $15 billion in 1998 to $24 billion in 2008 — as states have expanded all forms of gambling in lieu of raising more traditional taxes.
One state, Pennsylvania, accounted for nearly half the nationwide growth in gambling revenues in fiscal 2010, totaling $2.12 billion. The state’s lottery generated $915.7 million, while $319.6 million came from casinos, $871 million came from racinos and $17.5 million came from pari-mutual wagering
Pennsylvania remains second to New York ($2.7 billion) in total gambling-related revenues, followed by Florida ($1.39 billion) and New Jersey ($1.26 billion).
Nevada casinos generated gambling revenues of $829.3 million in fiscal year 2010. The Silver State does not have a lottery, racinos or pari-mutual wagering.
While casinos and racinos are the focus of attention in many states, lotteries remain the primary source of gambling revenue, generating $16.3 billion nationwide in fiscal 2010.
Receipts from legally sanctioned gambling represent a relatively small portion of overall state revenues. But such collections have provided a “remarkably consistent” 2.1 percent to 2.5 percent of revenues between 1998 and 2009, the report found.
“While such an amount may seem almost inconsequential … governors and legislators often face politically difficult choices in closing budget gaps that are much smaller,” Dadayan wrote. “Incremental gains in collections from comparatively small sources of revenue such as gambling can be highly attractive when alternative options are unpopular tax increases or service reductions.”
State revenue from gambling varies when adjusted for population. In Nevada and Rhode Island, such revenues amounts to more than $400 per person, compared with less than $100 per resident in California.
Not surprisingly, gaming revenue accounts for the largest share of the budget — 12.5 percent — in Nevada.
Nevada is also home to 60 percent of U.S. casinos and in fiscal 2010 collected about 18 percent of all state revenues from casinos nationwide. That “despite a tax on casino activity that is relatively low at 6.75 percent,” the report said.